Feb 7, 2024

Topological Excitations in Neutral–Ionic Transition Systems

Posted by in category: futurism

The existence and physical properties of topological excitations in ferroelectrics, especially mobile topological boundaries in one dimension, are of profound interest. Notably, topological excitations emerging in association with the neutral–ionic (NI) phase transition are theoretically suggested to carry fractional charges and cause anomalous charge transport. In recent years, we experimentally demonstrated mobile topological excitations in a quasi-one-dimensional (1D) ferroelectric, tetrathiafulvalene-p-chloranil[TTF-CA; TTF (C6H4S4) and CA (C6Cl4O2)], which shows the NI transition, using NMR, NQR, and electrical resistivity measurements. Thermally activated topological excitations carry charges and spins in the NI crossover region and in the ionic phase with a dimer liquid.

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