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Archive for the ‘information science’ category: Page 6

Aug 11, 2021

Faced with a Data Deluge, Astronomers Turn to Automation

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI, space

Circa 2019


For better or worse, machine learning and big data are poised to transform the study of the heavens.

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Aug 10, 2021

System trains drones to fly around obstacles at high speeds

Posted by in categories: drones, information science, robotics/AI

For drone racing enthusiasts. 😃


If you follow autonomous drone racing, you likely remember the crashes as much as the wins. In drone racing, teams compete to see which vehicle is better trained to fly fastest through an obstacle course. But the faster drones fly, the more unstable they become, and at high speeds their aerodynamics can be too complicated to predict. Crashes, therefore, are a common and often spectacular occurrence.

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Aug 9, 2021

Machine learning plus insights from genetic research shows the workings of cells – and may help develop new drugs for COVID-19 and other diseases

Posted by in categories: biological, biotech/medical, genetics, information science, robotics/AI

We combined a machine learning algorithm with knowledge gleaned from hundreds of biological experiments to develop a technique that allows biomedical researchers to figure out the functions of the proteins that turn genes on and off in cells, called transcription factors. This knowledge could make it easier to develop drugs for a wide range of diseases.

Early on during the COVID-19 pandemic, scientists who worked out the genetic code of the RNA molecules of cells in the lungs and intestines found that only a small group of cells in these organs were most vulnerable to being infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. That allowed researchers to focus on blocking the virus’s ability to enter these cells. Our technique could make it easier for researchers to find this kind of information.

The biological knowledge we work with comes from this kind of RNA sequencing, which gives researchers a snapshot of the hundreds of thousands of RNA molecules in a cell as they are being translated into proteins. A widely praised machine learning tool, the Seurat analysis platform, has helped researchers all across the world discover new cell populations in healthy and diseased organs. This machine learning tool processes data from single-cell RNA sequencing without any information ahead of time about how these genes function and relate to each other.

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Aug 9, 2021

Twitter AI bias contest shows beauty filters hoodwink the algorithm

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

The service’s algorithm for cropping photos favors people with slimmer, younger faces and lighter skin.

Aug 7, 2021

AI Wrote Better Phishing Emails Than Humans in a Recent Test

Posted by in categories: cybercrime/malcode, government, information science, robotics/AI

Natural language processing continues to find its way into unexpected corners. This time, it’s phishing emails. In a small study, researchers found that they could use the deep learning language model GPT-3, along with other AI-as-a-service platforms, to significantly lower the barrier to entry for crafting spearphishing campaigns at a massive scale.

Researchers have long debated whether it would be worth the effort for scammers to train machine learning algorithms that could then generate compelling phishing messages. Mass phishing messages are simple and formulaic, after all, and are already highly effective. Highly targeted and tailored “spearphishing” messages are more labor intensive to compose, though. That’s where NLP may come in surprisingly handy.

At the Black Hat and Defcon security conferences in Las Vegas this week, a team from Singapore’s Government Technology Agency presented a recent experiment in which they sent targeted phishing emails they crafted themselves and others generated by an AI-as-a-service platform to 200 of their colleagues. Both messages contained links that were not actually malicious but simply reported back clickthrough rates to the researchers. They were surprised to find that more people clicked the links in the AI-generated messages than the human-written ones—by a significant margin.

Aug 7, 2021

Innovation is a risk!

Posted by in categories: big data, computing, disruptive technology, evolution, homo sapiens, information science, innovation, internet, moore's law, robotics/AI, singularity, supercomputing

No, it’s not forbidden to innovate, quite the opposite, but it’s always risky to do something different from what people are used to. Risk is the middle name of the bold, the builders of the future. Those who constantly face resistance from skeptics. Those who fail eight times and get up nine.

(Credit: Adobe Stock)

Fernando Pessoa’s “First you find it strange. Then you can’t get enough of it.” contained intolerable toxicity levels for Salazar’s Estado Novo (Portugal). When the level of difference increases, censorship follows. You can’t censor censorship (or can you?) when, deep down, it’s a matter of fear of difference. Yes, it’s fear! Fear of accepting/facing the unknown. Fear of change.

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Aug 6, 2021

Microsoft AI Researchers Introduce A Neural Network With 135 Billion Parameters And Deployed It On Bing To Improve Search Results

Posted by in categories: information science, internet, robotics/AI

Transformer-based deep learning models like GPT-3 have been getting much attention in the machine learning world. These models excel at understanding semantic relationships, and they have contributed to large improvements in Microsoft Bing’s search experience. However, these models can fail to capture more nuanced relationships between query and document terms beyond pure semantics.

The Microsoft team of researchers developed a neural network with 135 billion parameters, which is the largest “universal” artificial intelligence that they have running in production. The large number of parameters makes this one of the most sophisticated AI models ever detailed publicly to date. OpenAI’s GPT-3 natural language processing model has 175 billion parameters and remains as the world’s largest neural network built to date.

Microsoft researchers are calling their latest AI project MEB (Make Every Feature Binary). The 135-billion parameter machine is built to analyze queries that Bing users enter. It then helps identify the most relevant pages from around the web with a set of other machine learning algorithms included in its functionality, and without performing tasks entirely on its own.

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Aug 5, 2021

Embodied AI, superintelligence and the master algorithm

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

😮


In the next year and a half, we’re going to see increasing adoption of technologies, which will trigger a broader industry shift, much as Tesla triggered the transition to EVs.

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Aug 4, 2021

Machine Learning Approach for Predicting Risk of Schizophrenia Using a Blood Test

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, information science, robotics/AI

Summary: Blood tests revealed specific epigenetic biomarkers for schizophrenia. Researchers applied machine learning to analyze the CoRSIVs region of the human genome to identify the schizophrenia biomarkers. Testing the model with an independent data set revealed the AI technology can detect schizophrenia with 80% accuracy.

Source: Baylor College of Medicine.

An innovative strategy that analyzes a region of the genome offers the possibility of early diagnosis of schizophrenia, reports a team led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine. The strategy applied a machine learning algorithm called SPLS-DA to analyze specific regions of the human genome called CoRSIVs, hoping to reveal epigenetic markers for the condition.

Aug 1, 2021

DeepMind’s Vibrant New Virtual World Trains Flexible AI With Endless Play

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI, transportation

The paper’s authors said they’ve created an endlessly challenging virtual playground for AI. The world, called XLand, is a vibrant video game managed by an AI overlord and populated by algorithms that must learn the skills to navigate it.

The game-managing AI keeps an eye on what the game-playing algorithms are learning and automatically generates new worlds, games, and tasks to continuously confront them with new experiences.

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