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Archive for the ‘information science’ category: Page 5

Apr 28, 2024

The 7 Strangest Coincidences in the Laws of Nature

Posted by in categories: information science, physics, space

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The universe seems to be ruled by equations and numbers. But why just these equations and why just those numbers? Is it just coincidence? In this video I have collected seven of the weirdest coincidences in physics.

Continue reading “The 7 Strangest Coincidences in the Laws of Nature” »

Apr 28, 2024

ETH Zurich’s wheeled-legged robot masters urban terrain

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

ETH Zurich researchers have developed a locomotor control that can enable wheeled-legged robots to autonomously navigate various urban environments.

The robot was equipped with sophisticated navigational abilities thanks to a combination of machine learning algorithms. It was tested in the cities of Seville, Spain, and Zurich, Switzerland.

With little assistance from humans, the team’s ANYmal wheeled-legged robot accomplished autonomous operations in urban settings at the kilometer scale.

Apr 28, 2024

Google Chrome’s new post-quantum cryptography may break TLS connections

Posted by in categories: encryption, information science, quantum physics

Some Google Chrome users report having issues connecting to websites, servers, and firewalls after Chrome 124 was released last week with the new quantum-resistant X25519Kyber768 encapsulation mechanism enabled by default.

Google started testing the post-quantum secure TLS key encapsulation mechanism in August and has now enabled it in the latest Chrome version for all users.

The new version utilizes the Kyber768 quantum-resistant key agreement algorithm for TLS 1.3 and QUIC connections to protect Chrome TLS traffic against quantum cryptanalysis.

Apr 27, 2024

Unveiling a new quantum frontier: Frequency-domain entanglement

Posted by in categories: computing, information science, quantum physics

Scientists have introduced a form of quantum entanglement known as frequency-domain photon number-path entanglement. This advance in quantum physics involves an innovative tool called a frequency beam splitter, which has the unique ability to alter the frequency of individual photons with a 50% success rate.

For years, the scientific community has delved into spatial-domain number-path entanglement, a key player in the realms of quantum metrology and information science.

This concept involves photons arranged in a special pattern, known as NOON states, where they’re either all in one pathway or another, enabling applications like super-resolution imaging that surpasses traditional limits, the enhancement of quantum sensors, and the development of quantum computing algorithms designed for tasks requiring exceptional phase sensitivity.

Apr 26, 2024

Tweak to Schrödinger’s cat equation could unite Einstein’s relativity and quantum mechanics, study hints

Posted by in categories: information science, particle physics, quantum physics

Physicists have proposed modifications to the infamous Schrödinger’s cat paradox that could help explain why quantum particles can exist in more than one state simultaneously, while large objects (like the universe) seemingly cannot.

Apr 25, 2024

Quantum Computing Meets Genomics: The Dawn of Hyper-Fast DNA Analysis

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, computing, information science, quantum physics

A new project unites world-leading experts in quantum computing and genomics to develop new methods and algorithms to process biological data.

Researchers aim to harness quantum computing to speed up genomics, enhancing our understanding of DNA and driving advancements in personalized medicine

A new collaboration has formed, uniting a world-leading interdisciplinary team with skills across quantum computing, genomics, and advanced algorithms. They aim to tackle one of the most challenging computational problems in genomic science: building, augmenting, and analyzing pangenomic datasets for large population samples. Their project sits at the frontiers of research in both biomedical science and quantum computing.

Apr 25, 2024

Scientists Confirm the Incredible Existence of Wigner Crystals

Posted by in category: information science

A phenomenon once confined to equations breaks into the observable world.

Apr 23, 2024

Navigating The Generative AI Divide: Open-Source Vs. Closed-Source Solutions

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI, security

If you’re considering how your organization can use this revolutionary technology, one of the choices that have to be made is whether to go with open-source or closed-source (proprietary) tools, models and algorithms.

Why is this decision important? Well, each option offers advantages and disadvantages when it comes to customization, scalability, support and security.

In this article, we’ll explore the key differences as well as the pros and cons of each approach, as well as explain the factors that need to be considered when deciding which is right for your organization.

Apr 22, 2024

Single atoms captured morphing into quantum waves in startling image

Posted by in categories: information science, particle physics, quantum physics

In the 1920s, Erwin Schrödinger wrote an equation that predicts how particles-turned-waves should behave. Now, researchers are perfectly recreating those predictions in the lab.

By Karmela Padavic-Callaghan

Apr 21, 2024

Lights, camera, algorithm: How artificial intelligence is being used to make films

Posted by in categories: information science, media & arts, robotics/AI

The “it” Mr Woodman is referring to is Sora, a new text-to-video AI model from OpenAI, the artificial intelligence research organisation behind viral chatbot ChatGPT.

Instead of using their broad technical skills in filmmaking, such as animation, to overcome obstacles in the process, Mr Woodman and his team relied only on the model to generate footage for them, shot by shot.

“We just continued generating and it was almost like post-production and production in the same breath,” says Patrick Cederberg, who also worked on the project.

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