Jan 17, 2024

Efficiency asymmetry: Scientists report fundamental asymmetry between heating and cooling

Posted by in category: particle physics

A new study led by scientists from Spain and Germany has found a fundamental asymmetry showing that heating is consistently faster than cooling, challenging conventional expectations and introducing the concept of “thermal kinematics” to explain this phenomenon. The findings are published in Nature Physics.

Traditionally, heating and , fundamental processes in thermodynamics, have been perceived as symmetric, following similar pathways.

On a , heating involves injecting energy into individual particles, intensifying their motion. On the other hand, cooling entails the release of energy, dampening their motion. However, one question has always remained: Why is heating more efficient than cooling?

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