Jan 26, 2023

How smart can A.I. become?

Posted by in categories: biological, cyborgs, robotics/AI

Ever since the invention of computers in the 1940s, machines matching general human intelligence have been greatly anticipated. In other words, a machine that possesses common sense and an effective ability to learn, reason, and plan to meet complex information-processing challenges across a wide range of natural as well as abstract domains, would qualify as having a human-level machine intelligence. Currently, our machines are far inferior to humans in general intelligence. However, according to philosopher Nick Bostrom at the University of Oxford, there are several pathways that could lead to human-level intelligence in machines such as whole brain emulation, biological cognition, artificial intelligence, human-machine interfaces, as well as networks and organizations. Once this happens, it would only be a matter of time until superhuman-level machine intelligence, or simply, superintelligence is unlocked. But what exactly do we mean by ‘superintelligence’? And are there different forms of superintelligence that our A.I.s can attain in the future? Let’s take a look at what Nick Bostrom has to say in this matter!

In his book, ‘Superintelligence’ Nick Bostrom defines the term ‘superintelligence’ “to refer to intellects that greatly outperform the best current human minds across many very general cognitive domains.” So, a super-intelligent intellect, would in principle, have the capacity to completely surpass the best human minds in practically every field, including science, philosophy, arts, general wisdom, and even social skills.

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